This project evolves the changes in the Danish weapons law made in June 2008. More precisely the part of the changes about knife possession in the public space and the punishment for breaking the rules concerning this. Through the changes of the weapons law the punishment for carrying a knife with a blade longer than seven centimeters, rose to a minimum of seven days imprisonment for first time offenders. The punishment for second time offenders rose to 14 days and 20 days for third. In short the changes to the weapons law results in minimum penalties and harder punishment. The purpose of this rapport is to locate the causes of these changes and to find out which perceptions of law from the legislative power that lays the ground for this. To do this we take a genetic sociology of law point of view. To do this we use John W. Kingdons theory of policy analysis put in a frame of sociology of law provided by Jørgen Dalberg-Larsen. We combine this with a study of crime and by Christian Borch and study by Flemming Balvig on the perception of law in the public of Denmark. Kingdon describes three separate streams (the political-, the problem- and the policy stream) that meets at a given time for the conditions to be perfect for the survival of a policy. In the policy analysis we analyze on both actors and the structural level to create the full picture of what has made this kind of legislation possible. Furthermore we use theory by Vagn Greve with the earlier mentioned material by Dalberg-Larsen and Borch to analyze which factors that results in this way of legislation and what kind of perception of law this express in the legislative powers. Highly simplified we conclude in this project that the three streams meet by the tabling of this bill. This is concluded from the public opinion favoring tougher punishment, a favorable political climate (including the structural development) plus the definition of knife related violence as a serious problem is coupled to the policy of the government for tougher punishment crime inflicted on people. Afterwards we conclude how events that are blown up in the media can create a moral panic that leads to politicians rushing legislation trough, from what they think the public wants and pay less attention to studies and expert assertions. At the same time we see a tendency towards the idea of crime prevention through tougher punishment.
|Uddannelser||Offentlig Administration, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||26 jan. 2010|