State-indigenous relations after formalization of land tenure in the Peruvian Amazon - a critical perspective

Anne Sabroe, Joaquim Nicolas Nyrup Hempel, Thomas Kyle Cometta & Sissel Rosenberg

Studenteropgave: Fagmodulprojekt

Abstrakt

Land tenure formalization in Peru has had a turbulent history beginning with the authoritarian rule of President Fujimori responsible for its implementation and continuing through conflicts between the state and indigenous people regarding the exploitative extractive industry. This neoliberal reform was inspired by proponents of the Property Rights School, namely Peruvian economist Hernando de Soto, who claimed that such reform was for the poor and marginalized in Peru. The results have painted a different picture. While not developing the necessary institution for providing indigenous people with the means to successfully navigate this new framework, the Peruvian government has established themselves into a position of power and control over the land. While the contributions to indigenous livelihoods and conservation have been sparse, the contributions to economic development regarding the extractive industry have been bountiful. This study questions the initial justifications given for land tenure formalization in Peru by investigating the following decades after the reform and attempts to understand these results in light of Peru’s historically troubled past and its continuation in the present.

UddannelserInternationale Studier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor
SprogEngelsk
Udgivelsesdato28 maj 2017
Antal sider62
VejledereLaurids Sandager Lauridsen

Emneord

  • formalisering
  • Peru
  • critisk teori
  • jord rettigheder
  • oprindelige folk
  • Amazon-junglen