Spor i sproget: Om fagtekster og hvordan de kan læses som indekser for ny erkendelse

Tobias Elmsdal Thomsen & Jacob Duus Naur

Studenteropgave: Kandidatprojekt


This article investigates the role of reading non-fiction texts in relation to inspiration and creation of new theory by rethinking C. S. Peirces concept index. But since it’s primarily concerned with how to draw on knowledge of the past, the article draws on Wolfgang Iser's idea of literary texts as containing ”gaps”. This, however, contains two problems: Firstly, Iser assumes that non-fiction texts merely represents objects, and secondly, that it’s only possible to fill the gaps in accordance with the author's intention. Since none of this applies to the creative readings of non-fiction texts Iser's theory is supplemented with ecological pragmatics and Peirce's sign theory. Ecological pragmatics challenges the representational account of language by claiming that texts allow sharing of information about ”affordances” that would not be included in the representation of an object. Applying Peirce's concept of index the article shows how a text can serve as an index to a different object than the one the author intends to represent.
Our analysis shows how a misunderstanding in reading Roman Jakobson leads Ole Togeby to create a new theory. Togeby does not comprehend Jakobson's intention, but acquires something other than the information about affordances the text shares. Here, Peirce's concepts contributes to a more nuanced analysis, where the relationship between text and reading can be described as a semiotic process, with Togeby using Jacobson's text as an indexical sign pointing him in the direction of a new theory. The analysis illustrates how, in science, reading texts as clues to things other than their physical and historical causes - how creative reading of non-fiction texts is part of a scientific practice and thus how non-fiction texts, like literary texts, give rise to inspiration.

UddannelserFilosofi og Videnskabsteori, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato16 dec. 2019
Antal sider25
VejledereKasper Risbjerg Eskildsen


  • Peirce
  • Clues
  • spor
  • index
  • Iser
  • tomme pladser
  • økologisk pragmatik
  • tøffeldyr
  • Borchmann
  • Gibson
  • Kohn
  • Affordance
  • Ginzburg
  • receptionsæstetik
  • Blicher
  • Togeby
  • Jakobson
  • Habermas
  • fagtekster
  • talehandling
  • inspiration