Solar energy implementation in Nigeria

Rasa Museckaite, Karolis Kevelaitis, Gaisva R. Obialo & Vytautas Raudonis

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

This research focuses on energy sector in Nigeria, more precisely, the electricity sector. The current situation in the Nigeria is that energy supply is not covering the energy demand. We made a research to investigate if solar energy could be a solution for the present situation in the mentioned country acting as a supportive energy supply. We analyzed both economical and environmental costs/benefits of implementation of solar energy system. We analyzed environmental aspect by comparing solar energy with another energy sources such as wind energy, biomass, wind power and nuclear energy. After analyzing the climate in Nigeria, we found out that solar energy is the mostly suitable energy source. Economical perspective was analyzed by using an example of small village (fictional) with the number of 10.000 inhabitants. We calculated the costs of solar energy plant that is capable to provide electricity to that number of people. The result was that electricity produced by solar energy plant is 2.67 times more expensive than electricity which is currently available for citizens in Nigeria. However this number cannot be taken into account for granted, because a lot of electricity is made by private households using generators which run on diesel. The costs are relatively high by using this method, but people must pay because country cannot supply the current existing electricity demand. With the research and the analysis made, we came up with the conclusion that solar energy plant could be a solution for the shortage of electricity and be a supportive energy source for existing energy system. This solution would be both economically and environmentally sound.

UddannelserVirksomhedsstudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
SprogEngelsk
Udgivelsesdato22 jan. 2009

Emneord

  • alternative
  • solar
  • Nigeria
  • energy