Social ulighed i Santiago de Chile: - en analyse af unges handlemuligheder og forventninger til fremtiden

Natascha Nevenka Latorre Luffe

Studenteropgave: Speciale


This thesis examines the impact of the environment the child is brought up within upon the development of action strategies and perception of opportunities for future life. With hermeneutic as approach, the thesis seeks an understanding of how young Chilean people experience challenges and which strategies they use to achieve the improvement of their future living standards. The empirical data is collected through utilizing a methodology which combines qualitative interviews with photovoice method and observation. The thesis is based on the structural conditions that set the context for individuals' opportunities, though it has its main focus on the individual level and the young people's experience with potential for individual action. The theoretical framework is grounded in sociological, psychological and health promoting theoretical perspectives from Pierre Bourdieu, Allan Antonovsky, Bjarne Bruun Jensen and Manfred Max-Neef. The thesis concludes that young people's perception of the future is not determined by their surrounding and the environment they are brought up within. It is concluded, however, that there is a relationship between the social environment and young people's experience of the barriers and their ability to overcome challenges. As the capacity of action of these young Chileans depends on both the resources they have access to in their surrounding and the environment in which they were brought up. Moreover, it is also concluded that a large surplus in resources can have a negative effect on young people's motivation, responsibility and capacity for action, as a shortage of challenges leads to passivity in relation to taking individual responsibility for future success. And that social inequality can have both positive and negative effects on young people's motivation and action strategies.

UddannelserSundhedsfremme og Sundhedsstrategier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato4 sep. 2015


  • Bjarne Bruun Jensen
  • Manfred Max-Neef
  • Allan Antonovsky
  • Youth
  • strategies of action
  • opportunities
  • inequality
  • environment
  • Photovoice
  • Education
  • structurel conditions
  • Santiago de Chile
  • Perception
  • expectation on future