This paper addresses the latest change in public transportation in Copenhagen, the adjustment of the bus lines after the opening of the newest metro addition, Cityringen. By applying certain critical contributions from The new mobilities paradigm, the paper seeks to answer: Which conditions affects whether the new bus network (Nyt Bynet) can be socially inclusive, and how can a perspective as social inclusion qualify the planning of public transportation?
Different qualitative methods are applied to the research topic in order to understand the planning practice of the City of Copenhagen and the public transport company, Movia, as well as seeking an insight in to the conditions of mobility of the users of the bus network. By looking at the historical development of public transportation in Copenhagen with a focus on the decision-making process of the latest metro addition, Cityringen, and the new bus network, Nyt Bynet, the paper investigates, how certain structural conditions affect the realisability of a socially inclusive public transportation system. The paper further seeks to conceptualise social inclusion in transportation through the latest academic research on the topic. Combined with theories of mobility justice, motility and sustainable transport planning, social inclusion in transportation forms the theoretical framework that underlines the social potential of including the perspective in the planning practice.
The paper concludes, that if it is the City of Copenhagen’s ambition that mobility should contribute to social inclusion, then it it vital that the planners to a larger degree actively incorporates social inclusion as a planning principle, and that they are aware of the social exclusion mechanisms that public transportation contains. This will furthermore ensure a better connection between other social planning initiatives and the planning of public transportation.
As of now the planning of the bus lines are to a large degree based on engineer-related and financial assessments. The concept of traffic modelling lacks a fulfilling understanding of human behaviour and fails to account for accessibility. In order to bypass this deficit, the knowledge base is supplemented by various other analyses. Furthermore certain organizations representing users with reduced accessibility and local interests are involved in order to qualify the knowledge base. Due to structural conditions and a lesser focus on social aspects certain exclusion mechanisms affects the full potential of a socially inclusive transportation system. Among these are the way in which socially exposed areas are prioritized, the potential economic exclusion that further investments in the metro network leads to and the demographics of different modes of public transport.
|Uddannelser||Plan, By og Proces, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||31 dec. 2019|
- Social inklusion
- Det nye mobilitetsparadigme
- Kollektiv transport
- Nyt Bynet
- Københavns Kommune