This master thesis examines how Danish municipalities uses the Smart City idea as a development strategy and which challenges and opportunities it brings them. The focus is on their Smart City clusters that are working in multiple ways to develop and implement Smart City initiatives. The Danish approach to Smart City is to be able to combine citizen participation, sustainability, increasing quality of life and growth. This study is carried out because there is an increasing amount of technological possibilities, which are likely to change how cities are managed. The analysis and discussion is carried out on the basis of a case study of four Danish municipalities and their Smart City clusters: Aalborg, Aarhus, København and Vejle. It describes how they work with Smart City through the use of Michele Callons (1986) four phases of radical change: problematisation, interessement, enrolement and mobilisation. The analysis reveals that the Danish clusters mainly faces challenges in the stage of mobilisation, which appear in the lack of upscaling of projects. Christopher Pollitt and Geert Bouckaert (2011) thoughts on public administration is combined with Frank W. Geels (2004) idea of socio-technical relations to show the logics that affect the clusters. Furthermore a model is developed to compare the clusters with inspiration from Albert Meijer and Manuel P. R. Bolívar (2015) work on smart city governance. The clusters combine New Public Governance and Socio-technical logics as their core work ideas; meanwhile, they are struggling with the practices related to New Public Management and New Weberian State logics in other departments of the municipalities. It is shown in this thesis that the clusters balance between being innovative and cross departmental, while having to create ownership in the specialised administration departments. Furthermore the municipalities want to use Smart City to improve their overarching strategies, but the field is complex to them. It is this complexity, which the clusters are meant to deal with it but they are not fulfilling this task yet.
|Uddannelser||Politik og Administration, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||28 jan. 2016|
- Smart City clusters, Danish cities, New Public Governance (NPG), socio-technical logics, case studies, Smart City, Smart Cities, Smart Governance