This thesis examines new forms of kinship constructions in an era where transnational commercial surrogacy is becoming more prevalent. Through the development of both reproductive technologies, the Internet and a greater mobilization of individuals, more infertile westerners are traveling to India to fulfil their dream of having a baby. This thesis examines and discusses how comprehensions of parenthood and representations of kinship ties are constructed and negotiated in public weblogs written by intended parents to children born via Indian surrogacy, and how they respond to the moral and ethical dilemmas regarding this practice. The thesis investigates how neo-liberal discourses saturate the surrogacy industry both through discourses constructed by the Indian fertility clinics, the intended parents and also to a certain extent by the surrogates themselves. Furthermore it explores how the ideal of the nuclear family constructs a marginalized position of the infertile body in societies in the global north and how surrogacy can help subjects transcend this marginalization. The theoretical foundation on which the thesis is built is post-structuralistic and liberal feministic with a framework primarily consisting of anthropologist Janet Carsten’s notion of kinship as a relational practice and queer theorist Judith Butler’s conceptions of gender performativity and of heteronormativity as a powerful regulative discourse. My empirical data consist of five weblogs written by Australian and American intended parents who differ in sexuality and gender, and are heterosexual couples, alone dads and a same-sex male couple. The weblogs enables experience-based narratives in the process of becoming a parent in this particular manner and thereby illustrate how the bloggers discoursely construct and categorize conceptions of choice, inequality, parenthood and relatedness, and how they place the surrogate and egg donors in the narrations of becoming a parent. In the end the bloggers use subversive strategies by articulating a complex choreography of claims to kinship by varying the emphasis on kinship ties as a product of genetics, intentionality and everyday strategies according to what they seek to legitimate.
|Uddannelser||Kultur- og Sprogmødestudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||30 sep. 2014|