Shine On You Crazy Diamond: The Kimberley Process and Conflict Diamonds in Sierra Leone: A study of global governance and its effects on a national and international issue.

Patrick Sean Cullen, Alfred Egeberg Nielsen, Aruven Marday Ramen & Desiree Crystal Brown

Studenteropgave: Basisprojekt

Abstrakt

The Kimberley Process is a union of governments, industries and NGOs involved in the
diamond trade. It is essentially a globally governing policy aimed at the minimization of
conflict diamonds in legitimate trade. This diamond certification scheme has been advertised
as an all inclusive progressive union which finally can get a hold of the violence and
corruption associated with diamonds. Our project explores the critiques and paradox of a
global policy which claims a clean diamond industry despite continued human rights
violations within the trade. We explore policy biases through content analysis towards the
capital interests of the industry and government participants and illustrate the evolving lack
of proper NGO functionality. In our research we identify the NGOs as agents providing
legitimacy and accountability for the policy and conclude through our analysis of the policies
that the Kimberley Process continues to ignore the interests of the participants representing
the people while perpetuating the capital interests of the industry. This lack of optimal NGO
participation in the tripartite system of the Kimberley Process causes a detrimental lack of
accountability and legitimacy to the industry and leads the consumer into a smokescreen of a
belief that diamonds are a symbol of love rather than violence. This research makes the
claim that continued disregard for the affected citizenry of these diamond producing countries
via lack of optimal NGO involvement in the KP could lead to an informative campaign on
diamonds painting a picture of violence rather than love. If NGOs, whose job it is to report on
these things to the wider public, successfully inform the consumer of the violence associated
with diamonds, it could ruin one of the only sources of revenue countries such as Sierra
Leone have potentially cutting off consumption of diamonds. This has been seen before in the
fur industry where due to campaigns about the immorality of the fur business, the fur industry
has taken a downturn. If this happened in the diamond industry, diamond producing
countries' economies would crash, and a legitimate source of wealth would be lost affecting
the millions of people in these countries

UddannelserBasis - International Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
SprogEngelsk
Udgivelsesdato28 maj 2018
Antal sider53