This assignment seeks to unravel the truth about truth. This of course, is a difficult if not impossible task – at least not without assuming a definition of truth beforehand. This is a question that has been a large focus point for philosophers throughout the world, and as this assignment’s main issue, we ask: What should we understand by truth? We have chosen three different philosophers from Western philosophy, to find different positions when it comes to understanding truth. These philosophers are David Favrholdt who will represent the correspondence theory, John Dewey who is a main character in the field of pragmatism, and Friedrich Nietzsche who is often called a sceptic, a perspectivist and a relativist. In the read of these philosophers we find their different definitions of truth and the differences in their ontology and epistemology, and subsequently we ask these questions in the discussions: 1) Does a conscious independent reality which we can have corresponding assumptions about exist? 2) Can we determine if these assumptions correspond with reality? And in the following three discussions we ask, on different premises from the previous two discussion, which definition of truth we should use. In these, we discover that we cannot find an adequate answer for the two first discussions, and the last three find different answers that are also ambiguous in themselves. Therefore, we lastly discuss how we then can determine what should be understood by truth. It might not be the definition of truth, but the view on how to obtain truth and the belief in the existence of truth. Therefore, we find it fit to define the word truth in the existing term, as something that is indubitable certain; and this can also be understood in accordance with the correspondence theory. We conclude that the correspondence theory’s definition is fit, even if we cannot find the indubitable certain, and what is true, is only useful and indubitable certain for us as human beings, which we find fitting with a pragmatist view.
|Uddannelser||Filosofi og Videnskabsteori, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor|
|Udgivelsesdato||26 maj 2017|
|Vejledere||Martin Ejsing Christensen|