Retten til et bedre liv - En marxistisk-inspireret kritisk diskursanalyse

Daria Rivin, Astrid Wiborg Jensen, Ida Johanne Møller Jepsen, Daniel Aarup Kristensen & Irma Skrijelj

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

Abstract This paper examines the development strategy Retten til et bedre liv by Danida, a Danish governmental organisation within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. It centers around an investigation of how the Global South are portrayed by Danida, through a Marxist-inspired critical discourse analysis and a critical perspective on eurocentrism. More specifically this paper takes an outset in Norman Fairclough’s critical discourse analysis, in which the formally linguistic textual properties, discourse practice and sociological practice of the discourse is subject to investigation. This theoretical outset is supplemented by chosen theoretical perspectives by Karl Marx, David Harvey, Samir Amin and Arturo Escobar. As a result of this theoretical background, this paper is structured in accordance with the ontological viewpoint that the material social existence of a particular subject determines the consciousness of the subject. In regards to the social sphere in this respect, Marx and Harveys theory on capitalism establishes the general framework in which Danida is situated and determined. Amin sheds light on this sphere with his theory on Eurocentrism. Furthermore Escobar’s theory, on the discourse of development strategies, has been included in relation to how this gives rise to discursively established power relations between donors and receivers of development aid. In regards to Danidas existence within this social sphere, Danida is judged to be determined by capitalist conditions of existence, as Danida is situated within the Danish government – a government which itself is fundamentally subjected to the conditions of existence of global capitalism. Furthermore Danida, as an development organisation, is identified to be situated in the dominant position of an unequal power relation between donors and receivers of development aid. The conclusion of this paper is first that Retten til et bedre liv, through its representation of the Global South, reproduce the power relation between themselves and the Global South, since they are in a position to invest in the Global South and thus are in control of the development. Secondly Danida arrange their operation in accordance with the conditions of existence of its capitalist environment; that is, in accordance with the fundamental demand for continuous accumulation of capital. Lastly, it can be concluded that Danida go about development through an Eurocentric perspective, as Danida consider themselves as knowing in which direction to go regarding development. This Eurocentrism results in traces of a hierarchical view of the relation between themselves, as donors, and the receivers of aid.

UddannelserBasis - Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato18 dec. 2014
VejledereBjörn Hakon Lingner

Emneord

  • Danida
  • Det globale syd
  • Kritisk diskursanalyse
  • Marxisme
  • Eurocentrisme
  • Udviklingsstrategi
  • Kapitalisme
  • Vesten