Present study revolves around the social group retornados in Portugal, who immigrated to Portugal from mainly Angola and Mozambique due to the independence wars. Retornados have Portuguese inheritance, as either they or their ancestors migrated from Portugal to Angola at some point during the colonial era. Approximately 500.000-1.000.000 retornados arrived to Portugal from 1974-1976. Most arrived with no possessions due to the critical situation caused by the independence war. We seek to examine how the retornados can be defined as a social group, and how they are positioned in an postcolonial debate in a Portuguese context. In order to grasp the complex notion of retornados, we draw on three different postcolonial understandings by Boaventura de Sousa Santos, Ania Loomba and Lars Jensen. To put these postcolonial thoughts into a Portuguese perspective, we went to Portugal to do fieldwork as we conducted three interviews with experts on the subject. During these interviews we discovered some of the key issues in addressing the postcolonial history of Portugal. Some of these consisted of the complexity in the retornados’ identity, and in how Portuguese national narrative dominates the opportunity for Portugal to unfold a postcolonial critique of their shared history with Angola.
|Uddannelser||Kultur- og Sprogmødestudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||20 maj 2015|