Retfærdig Krig - Legitiering af Hundredårskrigen i Teori og Praksis

Barbara Sievers, Camillia K. Zaulich, Khalid Farhiya, Kasper Them Larsen & Martin Jensen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

This report seeks to understand how the criteria’s for just war – jus ad bellum; the just cause of war and jus in bello; the right conduct of war were understood and practised under the Hundred Years’ War by the knights and men-at-arms of the two Christian dynasties France and England. Intellectuals have tried as early as Antiquity to articulate guidelines for the causes and conduct of just war. The main thinkers being the church father Augustine (354-430) and the medieval theologian Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274). Their thoughts are till this day the foundation of the just war tradition. The aim of this project is mainly to compare the theological conceptualization of just war as articulated by Augustine and Aquinas with the practical possibilities of just war in Jean Froissart’s (1337-1405) Chronicles. These chronicles are a unique source to understanding life on the battlefield during The Hundred Years’ War and gives an insight into knighthood. The knights were contemporary soldiers and to understand their codes of honour and ideas of just war, we have chosen to use the knight Geoffroi de Charny’s manual for young knights called The Book of Chivalry. Furthermore the paper investigates and discusses whether the knights and aristocracy of the first half of the Hundred Years’ War abided by the rules and regulations set by the clergy of the time. Moreover, we discuss what impact the rules of just war have in reality and whether the concept of just war minimizes war or if it actually legitimizes and makes war possible.

UddannelserHistorie, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato14 jan. 2014
VejledereMia Münster-Swendsen

Emneord

  • Retfærdig
  • Ridder
  • Hundredårskrig
  • Krig
  • Aquinas
  • Augustin
  • Gratian
  • Froissart
  • Teolog
  • Charny