Psykoanalyse som videnskab

Louise Axen L'Anglois-Nordgren, Sabine Hein, Louise Dan Rasmussen, Felicia Maria Skram, Apao Varum & Stephanie Jacqueline

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

This paper investigates Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis. It examines Freud’s perception of the subject along with the scientific value of the psychoanalysis. Furthermore this paper co-vers the historical conditions that made the founding of the psychoanalysis possible along with the background of Sigmund Freud. Four of Freud’s psychoanalytic theories are account-ed for and through analysis used to reach an understanding of Freud’s perception of the sub-ject, both standing alone and in a historical context. The four theories chosen are: the stages of psychosexual development, the dissection of the psychical personality (the psyche), the theory of the unconscious mind, and the theory of urges. A discussion of the four theories is used to discover whether or not they qualify as scientific according to the two following theories of science: positivism and critical rationalism. This is done in hope of answering the question of whether the psychoanalysis itself can claim to be scientific. The study indicates that Freud’s general perception of the subject is expressed through his model of the psyche. This model expresses that the subject consists of the super-ego, the ego and the id: all three co-existing within the psyche. The subject is in this theory believed to contain an ego that has to balance out the super-ego (morals) and the id (urges). Additionally, the study indicates that positivism and critical rationalism are biased against the humanities and therefore psychoanalysis. Through the perception of these theories, psychoanalysis would not qualify as scientific. However, as they are biased, further investigation into the field of theory of science would be needed to fully decide the psychoanalysis’ position as a science.

UddannelserBasis - Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato17 dec. 2014
VejledereMagnus Dahl

Emneord

  • Videnskabsteori
  • Psykoanalyse
  • Freud
  • Psykologi