Abstract This project involves an investigation of the research question: How does the use of PMSCs influence the civil-military relations, and can this be seen as a global norm change in the state’s monopoly on violence, and if so, what are the possible consequences of such changes? The goal is to analyze and discuss if there has been a neoliberal global norm change in the security field, based on three different cases situated on different continents. These cases are based on three different levels: private, state, and international, and on the use of private military security companies (PMSCs) on each level. On the private level, we look at private oil and gas companies employing PMSCs in Nigeria; on the state level, we look at how the US employed PMSCs alongside conventional troops in the war in Iraq; and on the international level, we look at how the UN employed PMSC in peacekeeping missions in East Timor. Our findings show that changes in civil-military relations affects the authority of the state, as well as the traditional understanding of the states’ monopoly on violence. From this investigation, we are able to conclude that weak states are more affected by these changes, than stronger states as well as strong supra-national institutions, such as the UN. Conclusively, we argue that there has been a global norm change toward a privatization of security, founded in neoliberal thinking, which become evident on the three levels that we investigate in this project.
|Uddannelser||Global Studies, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||8 jun. 2015|