Private husstandes forbrug af sprøjtemidler - Analyse af forbrugets udvikling samt planlægningstiltag, der kan minimere risici ved brugen

Mikael Poul Gillespie

Studenteropgave: Kandidatprojekt

Abstrakt


The project analyses private households use of pesticides in Denmark. With a theoretical basis in transition theory the project provides a description of the development of private pesticide use in latter years. The project concludes that while pesticide use has been declining, there has not been striking changes to the amount of pesticide used by private households in recent years. The rates of decline in pesticide use are not nearly as significant as it has been reported. These misrepresentations are due to changes in the chemical active ingredients in pesticides used to kill moss in lawns. The project furthermore identifies several drivers for pesticides use among private households. These include; esthetic preferences, the experienced lack of alternatives, garden layout, and the reputation of pesticides as efficient timesaving solutions.
The project then proceeds to a discussion of potential planning initiatives that could be initiated in order to reduce risks caused by private pesticide use. Taking into account the findings of Devaelheyns et al. (2016) it is concluded that the dispersion of information for instance through campaigns can be a way of changing garden behavior. This could be utilized to combat the aforementioned drivers of pesticide use; at least for certain households. Campaigns could also benefit from setting examples relying on a mimicry effect. Planning initiatives could focus on local organisations for establishment of networks for sharing knowledge, education and support. While information and education may influence some gardeners and thereby reduce risks, changes of regulation are indispensable for effecting the garden behavior of certain households. Regulation changes that would be effective at reducing risk could increase taxes on pesticides or limit the amount that could be purchased at a time. Prohibiting the sale of concentrated pesticides to private individuals would also be an effective way of reducing risks from private pesticide use. Ideally changes of regulation should be applied in combination with education and dispersion of information about alternatives to pesticide use.

UddannelserTekSam - miljøplanlægning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato9 jan. 2019
Antal sider40
VejledereBente Kjærgård

Emneord

  • Sprøjtemidler