The purpose of this project is to examine how populism may be the reason for the presumed shift to the right in Danish politics. We will further examine and discuss how populism are expressed across political boundaries in Danish parties and why populism is expressed as a political left-wing in Britain and the right-wing ruling in Denmark, including how the populist tendency has developed in the social democratic parties' manifesto in Denmark and the UK.
Throughout this project, we will work from a conscious critical realistic perspective, through which we criticize the immediate perception of populism as an expression of a right-wing turn. To investigate and answer the issue, we use some different methods. These go together under the 'Mixed Methods' approach, using both qualitative and quantitative methods.
In our project, we only use preexisting empirical research. This includes, for an example, various quantitative data prepared by different institutions. In addition, we use chapters from selected books. Beyond that, we manifestos and EU policies from different Danish parties, as well as manifestos from the British Labor Party. As an additional part of our project, we use the theorists Ernesto Laclau and Jan-Werner Müller. In addition, we also involve sociologist Anthony Giddens and politician Curt Sørensen.
We have chosen to split our analysis into three parts. The first part will address how populist trends can be seen in Danish politics across political boundaries, based on the selected EU policies, and with the involvement of Laclau and Müller. We seek to demonstrate that populism can take place across the political boundaries, and thereby criticizing the current perception of populism as being right-wing nationalism. Secondly, we look at the development of the manifestos from social democratic parties, Socialdemokratiet and Labour. We do this, so we can see how populism is flourished in both parties. To this we will convey Socialdemokratiets manifestos from 1992, 2004 and 2017, as well as the Labor manifestos of 1992, 1997 and 2017. This leads to an analytical discussion of why we see these two different populist tendencies. In the last part, we therefore seek to understand what has influenced populism to go in opposite direction within the two social-democratic parties. In this connection, we incorporate Giddens and his theory on the third path. In addition, we use Magnus E. Marsdal's similar survey about the populist connection to Fremskrittspartiet in Norway.
From our research we can conclude that populism first and foremost is not expressed in a classical left/right-wing dichotomy. Populism is much more concerned with a resistance to an elite. Furthermore, we can conclude that with regards to Denmark and the United Kingdom there is an existence of a so-called “right and left-wing populism”. Finally, that the traditional labour parties to a high degree plays a key role in determining how these populisms express themselves ideologically.
|Uddannelser||Socialvidenskab, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor|
|Udgivelsesdato||17 dec. 2018|
- Den tredje vej