Population density and Economic Growth

Richard Kofi Owusu

Studenteropgave: Speciale


One can wonder why most of the current emerging markets have large population densities; todays emerging market accounts for nearly 48% of the world’s population. Arguments of whether population growth contributes to economic development are divided in opinions. Malthus who was a pessimist was of the view that population growth if unchecked will surpass the ability to produce enough to sustain itself thus causing hunger disease and poverty. However optimists like Michael Kremer was to the view that population growth spurs technological change and thus as population grow output also grow. Both modern and classical theorists are divided on the effect of population on economic growth. This research actually was focus on investigating the conditional factors that could possibly promote growth in an economy with a high population density. In our research we found out that population can actually be a major driver of knowledge, technology and innovations; because investors with new knowledge, technology and innovations are seeking for large markets. But however we also noted that, to drive growth governments need to be a key character; the role government’s play is very important when it comes to using population density as a driver of growth.

UddannelserErhvervsøkonomi, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato3 jul. 2013
VejlederePoul Wolffsen


  • Population
  • Economic Growth