Politisk debatkultur

Ida Routhe, Rebecca Marie Little, Louise Maria Skotte Møller, Jasper Ploug Hansen & Niklas Amaru

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

This project seeks to find criticizable tendencies in the Danish political debating culture and thereafter discuss the consequences this may have on the Danish democracy. This statement of intent presupposes that there indeed are criticizable tendencies to be found, and therefore the project utilizes a deductive approach. The thesis is examined through a thorough analysis of a debate leading up to the Danish election of 2011. The analysis revolves around an argumentative, a discourse and a general rhetorical analysis, to shed light on the different aspects of political communication. The results gained through the abovementioned analytical strategies are comparatively discussed by the use of philosophical theories regarding democracy and the citizen’s role therein. A distinction is made between Jürgen Habermas and Hal Koch on the one side, and Plato, Aristotle and K.E. Løgstrup on the other. To gain an understanding of these philosophers’ work, which makes it possible to draw a comparison between their theories and the project’s analytical results, an account of their philosophies is required. The analytical results confirm our thesis and expose the politicians’ use of rhetorical maneuvers, where, among others, the sophistical fallacies are widely utilized. These maneuvers are a substitute for answering questions and clarifying their political positions to the citizens. The results show a general tendency to subordinate the political content and instead focus on appearances and winning votes. It is concluded that the analyzed results are contrary to the philosophies regarding democracy represented in the project, as the debate does not fulfill the requirements that are affiliated with either positions. It is discussed whether or not these results cause a democratic problem in Denmark or whether they are simply inevitable consequences of the medialized and highly complex society of today. This project does not seek to supply a final answer to this question, but seeks to clarify the consequences of a poor debating culture, and to create a foundation for further reflection.

UddannelserBasis - Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato19 jun. 2013

Emneord

  • Demokrati
  • Diskurs
  • Argumentation
  • Dansk politik