Performativ Byplanlægning - Et situeret inddragelsesdesign i praksis

Sune Borre Crammond & Mads Lindenskov Tamborg

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

This thesis is based on a situated and iterative design-development (Haraway i Simonsen et al. 2014, Simonsen et al. 2010, and Robson 2002), which is grounded in an existing area renewal in the city of Odense, Denmark. The focus is to create a new practice to involve and engage the citizens in the local, urban development. Based on current performative tendencies in urban planning (Lilliendahl & Frandsen 2014, Andersen et al. 2012, and Bishop 2012) the main focus of the thesis is partly to examine and put to test the potentials of this performative practice, and partly to thereby take the various existing interests in the urban development into account. Therefore the following question guides the inquiry and the design-process of this thesis: How can the practice of performative, urban planning be put to use in developing a situated design, that rethinks current practices of citizen-inclusion in urban planning, creates greater commitment amongst the local citizens, and acknowledges the existing interests in the development of the area of Østerbro in Odense? The thesis is divided into three sections that form our base of knowledge, which in combination with a testing of the design of inclusion constitutes the iterative process of the thesis. The first section is a mapping of the development in urban planning through three paradigms. The next section is based on interviews with representatives from respectively the Municipality of Odense, the urban organisation GivRum cooperating with the Municipality, and furthermore by an expert interview concerning the performative practice. The third and final section is formed by interviews with four citizens engaged in the current development of the area in Odense. Based upon the knowledge produced in these three sections, the design of inclusion is developed as one bid for a performative practice and furthermore as a new method for direct involvement and engagement of citizens in the local, urban development. The design of inclusion is thereby based particularly on communicative, performative and sensual values and potentials within the practise of urban planning by which the cross-disciplinary nature of the design is highlighted. In order to clarify partly the potentials of the performative practice, and partly the utility of the design of inclusion, it is tested on five local citizens, not otherwise involved in the current area renewal. The testing results in several unexpected effects, which in combination with the methodology of the thesis and furthermore the general process of this thesis are reflected upon in the final sections of this thesis. These reflections are supplemented by the experienced potentials during the testing. A number of these are further anchored in a theoretical conceptualization of the performative nature of the design based on perspectives of the community (Maffesoli 1996) and perspectives of site-specificity (Kwon 1997). The thesis concludes with a highlighting of a number of potentials connected to the design of inclusion. First it shows that the citizen-inclusion has conveyed new knowledge regarding the local neighbourhood, secondly it has created new relations and flourishing communities between the participants, and thirdly particularly the sensuality of the design has proven to possess both motivational and energizing effects amongst the participants, by which a greater interest in taking part in the local, urban development is created.

UddannelserPerformance-design, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato29 jun. 2015
VejledereKristine Samson & Connie Svabo

Emneord

  • Borgerinddragelse
  • Afprøvning
  • Byplanlægning
  • Designudvikling
  • Afvikling
  • Performativ byplanlægning
  • Iterativ proces
  • Praksis
  • Situeret design
  • Urbanitet