Peace Journalism - i dansk dækning af internationale konflikter

Katrine Lind & Johan Seidenfaden

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

#The manner in which the Danish media covered the invasion and the war in Iraq has been criticized from several sides. American and British media have similarly been subject to critical investigation because of their war coverage. As a solution to the apparent problems in reporting international conflicts two journalists, Jake Lynch and Annabel McGoldrick, created a practise-oriented concept known as Peace Journalism. The concept is based on Peace and Conflict Research theory as it is laid out by Johan Galtung, the founder of the academic discipline of Peace Studies. It is supposed to offer an analytical model for predicting, identifying and connecting shortcomings in reporting war or conflict situations. It operates with two categories: War Journalism and Peace Journalism. War Journalism can be understood as a critique of the prevalent way of reporting and Peace Journalism as a constructive way of avoiding the pitfalls reporting as is generally done. In the present paper, we have tried to apply Peace Journalism in a Danish media context in order to investigate whether the concept offers relevant tools for helping Danish journalists and editors to work with a more critical an independent coverage of international conflicts. To answer this question we have gone through two academic reports on the Danish media coverage of the Iraq war in order to see if we could identify War Journalism in the reports’ conclusions about the way the media covered a recent war in which Denmark was involved. On the background of these findings, we modified the Peace Journalism methods in order to focus on avoiding the most significant examples of War Journalism that we discovered. We then tried to practise the modified version of Peace Journalism inside a Danish newsroom in order to examine how it would work when confronted with ‘reality’ and to see what hurdles we would encounter. Finally we have compared our Peace Journalism products with the regular products of the newsroom we worked in and set the results into perspective with the help of comments offered by four international editors working at different national newspapers. Our results confirmed that it was indeed possible to practise Peace Journalism in a Danish media context. We have experienced different kinds of oppositions to the concept, but these have more to do with structural and cultural barriers than with the fundamental journalistic values in Peace Journalism. We therefore conclude that Peace Journalism as a concept can help journalists report international conflicts in a more conscious, critical and independent manner.

UddannelserJournalistik, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato1 jun. 2006

Emneord

  • mediedækning
  • Peace
  • mediekritik
  • Journalism
  • internationale
  • konflikter