Partnerships against Poverty and Pollution - Organizational solutions in waste management in Kathmandu

Aske Troen Klixbüll, Simon Glarborg, Sebastian Bovbjerg, Andrea Silvia Sansoni & Maria Jæger

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


Abstract In Kathmandu as well as other cities in developing countries, municipality’s struggle to manage the growing amounts of solid wastes in the city. As a result the urban poor can make a living of trading recyclables in a vibrant informal sector. This has some positive environmental, economic and social implications that are often neglected by the municipalities and in the general field of study. This study investigates how a better and more inclusive organization of, and between the informal and formal sector in Kathmandu can improve both social and ecological problems. We investigated the organizational landscape by using data from second-hand empirical data, theory of public-private partnerships and how to form informal waste workers’ organizations. With this we made a framework for analysing the qualitative empirical findings we collected in Kathmandu. We discovered that the network of organizations operating in the field could be organized for mutual beneficial gain. By recognizing the informal sector as formal citizens and organizing them in groups they can take part in this network of cooperation and competition. Some of the main barriers are social-cultural aspects such as cast and stigmatization. In some cases the informal sector do not trust the municipality and therefore third part facilitating agencies like INGOs can facilitate partnerships through communication platforms and organizational assistance. Finally there are a lot of barriers to improve the living conditions of the informal waste workers but forming trade unions and micro- and small enterprises can reach some of these such as recognition and livelihood improvements.

UddannelserGeografi, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
Udgivelsesdato3 jan. 2013
VejledereJuul Kristine


  • Orgization of Solid waste in Kathmandu
  • Katmandu Solid Waste Management, waste pickers, organizing, private public partnerships