Paris-erklæringen om Bistandseffektivitet - et speciale om hvordan Paris-erklæringen muliggør bistandsstyring og vanskeliggør kritik

Søren Engberg Jensen

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

Abstract In 2005 Ministers of developed and developing countries responsible for promoting development and Heads of multilateral and bilateral institutions, decided to take far-reaching and monitorable actions to reform the way aid is delivered and managed. These actions resulted in the Paris declaration of aid effectiveness - A declaration with a widespread ambition in supporting partner countries (developing countries), to strengthen governance and improve development performance. The Paris-declaration established specific partnership commitments with a main focus on five overall principles: Ownership, Harmonisation, Alignment, Results and Mutual Accountability. Drawing on Michel Foucault’s writings on the relation between power, knowledge and subjectivity, this master thesis explores the Paris-declaration from a perspective of governance and ‘conduct of conduct’. The thesis is divided into two analyses and one discussion. First, a governmentality analysis, which examines how the Paris-declaration is trying to structure the way aid can be problematised, delivered and managed. The analysis shows how donor-countries are positioned as advisors and how partner-countries are positioned with a potential responsibility to manage aid. These positions makes it possible for donor-countries to align the aid and leave the management to their partners, while still having control with the aid through their positions as controlling advisors. Furthermore, the analysis show, how the Paris-declaration rationalise the five overall principles, by creating them as economic terms and therefore making them attractive principles in a process of raising the aid effectiveness. In the second analysis, the thesis show how different rationalities interact in the Paris Declarations attempt to arrange the way donors and partners cooperate and the way partners are recommended to manage aid. The thesis illustrates how the recommendations of the Paris Declaration can appear as reasonable ways to govern aid and aid relations. Finally, the analysis illustrates, how the Paris-declaration established conduct of conduct, also called management of self-management, as the ideal way of effective aid management. Based on the two analyses the thesis discusses the possible consequences of the Paris Declarations attempt to structure the way aid is delivered and managed. How this attempt to structure aid governance makes it difficult to criticize both the Paris Declaration and the role of the donors, due to the focus on ownership and alignment, which makes it more difficult to see who is in charge of the aid agenda and how aid is governed.

UddannelserInternationale Udviklingsstudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato23 okt. 2011
VejledereSigne Arnfred

Emneord

  • development aid
  • Paris