P3, Al Arabiya eller Haber - en undersøgelse af etniske minoriteters mediebrug

Signe Lukowski

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

Ethnic minorities’ use of media from their homelands is often problematized in the public debate. The abundance of satellite dishes in some neighbourhoods has led to the belief that ethnic minorities only watch television from their country of origin and hence are not interested in partaking in the Danish society. I disagree with this; I believe there are other reasons for the use of homeland media. The purpose of this report is to explore some of these reasons. This thesis analyses how ethnic minorities in Denmark use media, both Danish and foreign. Through both quantitative and qualitative methods, I try to map both the different kinds of media they use, and their preferred media content. Furthermore, I have examined the connection between the use of media and ethnic minorities’ cultural identity in an attempt to understand what role media play in both the creation and maintenance of identity. The quantitative material is based on a telephone survey with 1011 respondents from seven different minority groups. The collected data show that television is by far the most used media, followed by newspapers and the Internet. Radio, magazines and trade journals are the least used. The material also shows how different demographic variables affect the use of media, the most influential demographic factors being education and occupation. 90 % of the respondents watch Danish television on a regular basis, while 77 % watch television from their homelands. The group of people, who never watch Danish television, is thus quite small. I have conducted ten interviews with persons of Turkish and Iraqi descent. Their primary reason for using various media is a thirst for knowledge, particularly news about Denmark and their country of origin, but also more general topics such as fashion, sports and child-rearing. Secondly, they use media for entertainment and to keep in touch with family and friends. Using media from the homeland provides them with the news the Danish media do not supply, a way to connect with the older generations and other diasporas around the world, and a space where their ethnic identity is not constantly challenged by the majority discourse. Thus, the use of homeland media is a natural consequence of being an ethnic minority and a necessity for the sustentation of their ethnic identity.

UddannelserKultur- og Sprogmødestudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) KandidatJournalistik, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato24 nov. 2009

Emneord

  • etniske minoriteter
  • demografi
  • diaspora
  • mediebrug
  • kulturel identitet