Organic Agriculture in the light of EU Enlargement. A Window of Opportunity

Bjarke Stoltze Kaspersen, Christina Jacobsen & Kasper Dam Mikkelsen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

This thesis engages in a discussion of the extent to which, the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reforms have involved a policy shift towards increased support for organic farming, and whether the European market can be said to support this sector. Moreover it is assessed, with the reference point in Lithuania, how internal factors in this specific country as well as the CAP and the market can be used to achieve the national goal of 15 percent certified organic agriculture in 2010. The most central conclusion regarding the CAP reforms is, that while these have resulted in a reduced discrimination of extensive agriculture, organic farms on average still receive fewer direct payments per hectare from the 1st pillar of the CAP than comparable conventional farms. In relation to the market, one important finding is, that there is no single common and homogenous market for organic food as it is today due to differences in the degree of market maturity, but that a (growing) demand in Europe helps to support the development of the organic sector. However, both the measures that have become available for extensive production systems in the CAP (under the 2nd pillar) and the market depend largely on the priorities of national governments and their commitment towards environmental integration. In the case of Lithuania, the CAP can potentially aid the country in reaching the 15 per cent goal. This will, however, require commitment at policy level towards the implementation of strong and well-funded agri-environmental schemes, which does not seem to be present. Moreover, the country can only achieve the goal, if structural barriers are overcome and in relation to the market, if supply can match demand. In addition, an export strategy will have to be formulated to enlarge market possibilities, but it is important to first concentrate on the development of infrastructure as well as a processing industry.

UddannelserTekSam - miljøplanlægning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogEngelsk
Udgivelsesdato1 jun. 2004
VejledereClaus Henrik Heinberg & Børge Klemmensen