This paper examines why thousands of people attend Roskilde Festival every year, and why people attended medieval carnivals in the old days. How can the new critical theory of social acceleration and deceleration by sociologist Hartmut Rosa be used to shed light on this topic? And in which areas is there a link between these two phenomena?
The first part of the paper studies Hartmut Rosa’s theory on social acceleration and deceleration, where criteria are established as a result of Rosa’s definition of ‘intentional slowdown as a strategy of acceleration’. Afterwards the two phenomena are categorized as deceleration mechanisms, and specifically, intentional slowdown as a strategy of acceleration. This is based on the analysis of Roskilde Festival simultaneously with an analysis of Mikhail Bakhtin's study of the medieval carnivals. The analysis of the two events as deceleration mechanisms concludes that one of the reasons behind attending these festivals/carnivals is that society and individuals search for a safe haven - mentally. The two phenomena work as deceleration mechanisms where one can have an intentional rest from the accelerated society, and therefore refuel to attend to everyday life again with renewed energy. In addition, medieval carnivals also serve as a collective form of deceleration, where the whole society decelerates together. This is done by dissolving all social classes and norms, which is also a factor on Roskilde Festival.
With the basis established for both phenomena functioning as deceleration mechanisms, a comparative analysis of these is made. The comparative analysis demonstrates the fact that there is a lot of resemblance between Roskilde Festival and the medieval carnival. Both isolated phenomena therefore function as equal ‘oasis’ and ‘safe’ havens with opportunities for refuelling, and thus intentional deceleration mechanisms despite their historical contexts. It also concludes that the ‘need for deceleration’ can be seen not only in a modern society but also in a pre-modern society in spite of Hartmut Rosa’s theory’s association with the late modern society. The end of the paper discusses how the medieval carnival as a deceleration mechanism, can be found in a society with no accelerating processes and therefore, the deceleration is not always a consequence or a result of acceleration.
The paper therefore concludes that people participate in festivals and carnivals to decelerate from their everyday society, and Roskilde Festival and medieval carnivals as isolated phenomena serve as equal intentional deceleration mechanisms.
|Uddannelser||Basis - Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis|
|Udgivelsesdato||19 dec. 2017|
|Vejledere||Karin Elisabeth Gottlieb|