On the balance between intellectual interest and practical application in the justification of fundamental science

Nina Strancar, Signe Skou, Florin Krijom, Torben Oliver Callesen & Peter Daniel Johannsen

Studenteropgave: Basisprojekt

Abstrakt

This report investigates the justification of fundamental research through the scopes of six schools of thought, as well as through socioeconomics. A specific case, the Large Hadron Collider, is used for explanatory and exemplary purposes.
Generally, the schools of thought can be seperated into two categories: Realism - the school(s) of thought that value intellectual interest and claim that science describes an objective truth, and Anti-Realism - the schools of thought that prioritise practical application over intellectual interest of research and their justification is not affected by the trueness of said research. The socioeconomic perspective is treated as a pseudo school of thought, and can be categorised into the Anti-Realist category. Deontological Contractarianism can be classified as both Realist and Anti-Realist, depending on the contract that is being followed. Epistemological Anarchism is a critique of scientific methodology, and is, in this report, considered to be Anti-Realist.
Realism justifies fundamental research by its intellectual value, whereas the non-Realist schools of thought, in this report, justify it by its useful by-products.

UddannelserBasis - International Naturvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
SprogEngelsk
Udgivelsesdato19 dec. 2017
VejledereLauren Paige Seaby