Om værdierne - Det etiske dilemma

Ninni Gustavsen, Pernille Silke Hansen, Liv Tineke Nielsen, Anna Nordstrøm Thune Olsen, Louise Sascha Parum & Christian Deleuran Petersen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

The purpose of this study is to analyze and discuss the differences and similarities between different moral philosophies. The project focuses on virtue ethics by Plato and Aristotle, deontological ethics by Immanuel Kant and consequentialism by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. The basic premise of this project is the application of these to a specific case concerning a plane crash in the Andes in 1972 where a team of rugby players survived 72 days in the mountains by eating the people who died in the plane crash. In order to analyze, we have chosen to focus on an extreme case, to get a clear distinction of the moral philosophies. Our project is therefore not to determine which one of the moral philosophies is the best, but to try to understand the differences and similarities, which will allow us to apply these moral philosophies to specific cases. We conclude that there are big differences (albeit also similarities) between the moral philosophies on how people should behave in ethics dilemmas. Because of this, it is difficult to only apply one of these ethics in ethical dilemmas, since these situations often are complex. It is therefore not suitable to only deal with one aspect of ethics. Through this analysis we will incorporate the method of wide reflective equilibrium as a way of dealing with such dilemmas. The project can furthermore be used to debate the moral philosophies in any other cases - for example euthanasia.

UddannelserBasis - Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato20 jun. 2013
VejledereErik Bendtsen

Emneord

  • Etik
  • Deontologi
  • Utilitarisme
  • Værdier
  • Moralfilosofi
  • Etisk dilemma
  • Kannibalisme
  • Dydsetik