"og det er derfor forhåbentligt nu hvis regeringen forhåbentligt gør os den tjeneste at anerkende en smule sådan hvordan vi lider" - en analyse af hvordan fortællinger kan bruges som repositioneringsredskab i kampen for anerkendelse

Solveig Jeppesen

Studenteropgave: Speciale


The thesis is a study of how story telling can be used strategically in a post conflict context. It is based on interviews collected in one of the many villages in Guatemala that were victims of brutal oppression during the 40 years of internal armed conflict in the country, culminating in the genocide of the eighties on part of the indigenous population. The point of departure of the study is that the event that is narrated cannot be separated from the event of narration. The thesis describes the relation between narrative and context and shows – through analysis of the life stories of two indigenous women – the use of various strategies of storytelling and their influence on the framing of the narrative and the positioning that is articulated in it. The study is based on the four insights of the universal pragmatics: that language is always a social action; that language is an expression of our own consciousness; that language enables us to perceive and talk about the world around us; and that we cannot act with language without creating relations to other people. The analysis of the narrative actions in chapter 4 reveals a complex set of sender-receiver relations and changing use of genre, which has a significant influence on the contents of the said. In chapter 5 the focus is mainly on the narratives of the interviews. In particular, the use of quotes (as understood in the Scandinavian tradition) in the narratives of both women is analyzed, in order to show their changing function. The positioning analysis of chapter 6 shows how the two women use their stories to position themselves as well as the other persons in their stories, and also how the women reposition themselves in the course of their story and by virtue of their story. In the light of the chapters above, chapter 7 discusses various aspects of the recognition of the indigenous population that their active use of the narrative has contributed to and is contributing to access.

UddannelserKultur- og Sprogmødestudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) KandidatDansk, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato31 jan. 2013
VejledereSusanne Kjærbeck & Julia Suárez-Krabbe


  • anerkendelse
  • Guatemala
  • repositionering