Nudging - Et legitimt statsligt styringsinstrument?

Lars Asbjørn Holst, Laurits Bøtte Friis & Emil Sjøberg Falster

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


Abstract This thesis examines the the challenges concerning the use of nudging as a public governing tool, in relation to the possible political legitimacy implications. The examination focus on challenges in relation to the use of specifically chosen nudges, as well as general challenges concerning nudging. The estimation of the challenges, is based upon a series of normative criteria for liberal democracy, including input- /output legitimacy, an expanded proportionality principle, as well as the manipulation present within the initiative. The general challenges are analysed through a Foucauldian perspective, wherein nudging is characterised as a neo-liberal governing tool. This pertain to illuminate new critical perspectives of the challenges concerning legitimacy. On the basis of these analysis, the thesis concludes that the challenges towards a political legitimate use of nudging, relate to non-transparency, manipulation, a lack of proportionality between the goals, means and results of nudging initiatives. Further challenges includes the normalisation, homogenisation and the imbalance between the interests of the many versus those of the individual. The thesis also concludes however, that several of the analysed nudging initiatives actually are legitimate within the, by the thesis defined, normative context, which also shows that the use of manipulation can be legitimized.

UddannelserForvaltning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
Udgivelsesdato21 dec. 2015
VejledereKirsten Bregn


  • Nudging
  • Legimitet