The paper discusses the developmental effects of trade with the European Union in the ACP-countries and addresses the question whether the EU is practicing a type of neocolonialism in the ACP-countries, by (re)capturing their markets and natural resources with trade agreements in competition with the USA and the BRIC-countries. This is our suspicion which the paper seeks to falsify or verify. Initiatives originating from the European Lomé Convention and the Cotonou Agreement such as the GSP, GSP+, Everything But Arms, and the European Partnership Agreements will be evaluated by reviewing the intentions, the effects, and the interests involved. In order to do so, we have found it necessary to include the WTO and the Doha Development Round and discuss its impact on the negotiations between the EU and the ACP-group. Furthermore, Nigeria, Kenya, and Mozambique, have been carefully chosen as case studies, in order to discuss the effects of trade on development at a national level. The consequences for the ACP-countries of the EU subsidizing European farmers are also discussed along with the future aspects of reductions or even eliminations of developed countries’ protectionist subsidies. In connection to this, we use Niger as an example of the subsidies’ negative consequences in developing countries. Interviews with the two Danish NGOs, Concord Danmark and Mellemfolkeligt Samvirke, are included as empirical data in the discussions of the various subtopics together with statistics from the European Commission, the World Bank, the UN, the IMF, and other international organizations, dealing with trade and development in the ACP-countries. We end the paper by concluding that the EU-ACP trade agreements have not led to the level of positive developmental trends officially desired in the Cotonou agreement. Some progress in the ACP-countries can be observed especially regarding growth in GDP per capita and the ACPs’ share of world exports. The EU’s interests in securing market- and resource access to ACP seem to play an important role when negotiating the new Economic Partnership Agreements. However, the changing of economic and political power in the global system are giving birth to new ACP trade partners and the competition for preferential access to the ACP markets have begun.
|Uddannelser||Basis - Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis|
|Udgivelsesdato||19 dec. 2012|
- Trade agreements
- Lomé convention