Nej til asylcenter i Sønderborg: - Et feltstudie af kritiske holdninger til asylansøgere i Sønderborg

Anne Vinther Søndergaard, Karen Hauer Møller & Maria Juul Riemenschneider

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


The world is undergoing an increasing refugee flood from countries experiencing a variety of humanitarian crises. In relation to this contemporary issue, this project aims to examine critical opinions on asylum seekers. The project takes reference in a relatively new asylum centre established in the Danish city; Sønderborg. The asylum centre has experienced an opposition against the establishment from a large part of the citizens in Sønderborg. This opposition is especially demonstrated through a Facebook group: “Nej til asylcenter i Sønderborg”. The critical opinions in Sønderborg are examined through field research, including qualitative methods such as interviews and observations. These methods constitutes the methodological framework for the project and gives a thoroughly insight in Sønderborg and its citizens. This insight has defined Sønderborg as a city with a strong perception of its Danish national history and culture, which has a significant influence on the opposition against the asylum seekers in the city. Frederik Barth’s theory on ethnic boundaries is understood as an analytical framework. This framework is applied in order to comprehend the impact of the citizens perception of national and local sense of belonging and perceived cultural differences. The framework is supplied with different theoretical contributions that allows to explain our empirical findings in the field research. Initially, the project examines how people in Sønderborg identifies themselves with being Danish and a part of Sønderborg, and how this identification influences their perception of the asylum seekers as their equivalents. Next, the project looks into how cultural differences among the critical view holders and the asylum seekers, provoke culture clashes which takes place in the citizens’ daily lives. Finally the project examines how stereotypes labels the asylum seekers, and analyses how these categorizations influences the ethnic boundaries between the asylum seekers and the citizens in Sønderborg. The project concludes that the strong perception of a national and local identity and cultural differences constitutes an “Us and Them” dichotomy. This view is grounded in a depiction of the asylum seekers as being too different to become a part of the city. These ethnic dividing-lines explain the critical opinions towards the asylum seekers who constitutes a matter out of place in Sønderborg.

UddannelserSocialvidenskab, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
Udgivelsesdato26 maj 2015
VejledereYvonne Mørck


  • Sønderborg
  • Asylansøgere
  • Asylcenter
  • etniske grænsedragninger