Naturvidenskabens kulturelle forskelle i klimadebatten: Cultural Differences of Natural Science in the Climate Debate

Lykke Axelsen, Jens Davids, Michael Hass, Mark Holm, Anine Kimer & Glennie Olsen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

The purpose of this project is to clarify whether the different cultures of natural science can take as its basis the disagreement among scientists when it comes to predictions in climate changes, among these the rising sea-level. The basis for this study is the work of the International Panel of Climate Change, IPCC with the predictions on future climate through composing climate models as well as the studies from Swedish geologist and sea-level researcher Nils-Axel Mörner about geological factors concerning the sea-level. The thesis in this project is answered through a theory of science analysis of the culture of natural science of the IPCC and Nils-Axel Mörner. From the analysis it appeared that Mörner works empirically on the basis of an inductive method in which observations takes as its basis for his argumentation. In contrast the IPCC works more theoretically on the basis of an abductive method in which they design a model for changes of the sea-level. It is concluded that IPCC and Nils-Axel Mörner works on the basis have very different cultures of science and that comparability is difficult. However their disagreement can be explained on the basis of their different cultures of natural science.

UddannelserBasis - Naturvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato14 jan. 2008
VejledereJesper Brandt

Emneord

  • Climate
  • IPCC
  • Mörner
  • Sealevel rise