National identitetssplittelse i Skotland

Simon Mathias Lidsmoes, Ajdin Muratovic, Emil Nørager Kruse, Mikkel Blichert-Hansen, Eva Engel Wallin & Pernille Rokkjær Schødt

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


In this paper the Scottish national identity is examined. The project centers on the period regarding the Scottish referendum of independence, which took place the 18th of September 2014. With the referendum as a starting point, we wish to conduct a study of the Scottish national identity. With regard to the connection between the Scottish referendum of independence and the national identity, the paper wishes to explain the Scottish division in national identity. To conduct our study on the national identity in Scotland, we employ aspects such as ethnic communities, symbols, myths, institutions and social divisions. The project is conducted from a social constructivist standpoint, with an abductive methodology. The project is profoundly based on quantitative material, but also employs qualitative interpretations, to outline important elements in the Scottish history, that have been significant for the Scottish national identity. The project is interdisciplinary, and has been examined by the subjects’ political science and social science. The first part of the project accounts for central historic course of events, which has shaped the Scottish national identity and the Scottish referendum of independence. This chapter functions as preparation for further analysis, which focuses on the national identity expressed by Anthony D. Smith’s analytic concepts. This chapter draws on previous mentioned aspects, to illuminate how the Scottish national identity has been constructed and how this is reflected in the referendum of independence. Scotland is a homogenous nation with felt and lived communities. Scotland is furthermore shaped by culture symbols, myths and institutions. The institutions that shape the identity are primarily the church, the education system and the system of justice. The Scottish national identity furthermore impacts the Scottish population’s participation in the election. The Scottish national identity is defined by who they are not. In this sense, how Scotland is not like England. The distinctions between the social classes widened during the reign of Margaret Thatcher, and this period is therefore seen as a distinct period, where unemployment rates exploded and the Scottish working class began to crumble. This project discusses Anthony D. Smith’s theory on history and community based nationalism opposed by Ernest Gellners’ elite and modern based theory. In closing the study concludes that the Scottish national identity has had an impact on the referendum of independence, and that the cultural and class barriers and the Scottish affiliations, is an expression of the internal division.

UddannelserBasis - Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
Udgivelsesdato18 dec. 2014
VejledereYvonne Mørck


  • Nation
  • National identity
  • Scotland
  • Anthony D. Smith