Narrativ naturvidenskabsformidling - en undersøgelse af formidling af naturvidenskab til skolebørn ved fortællingen Såret

Julijana Jovanikic & Ane Ethelberg

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

In this thesis, the communication of science through narratives is investigated. We wrote a narrative, The wound, which was designed to communicate molecular biology to 7th and 8th grade students in Danish primary school. Two group interviews with 8th grade students form the basis of a reception analysis of the target audience’s understanding of the narrative. We have investigated the target audience’s view of the way science was integrated in the narrative as well as the use of a disease context. Based on Jerome Bruner’s theories on narratives (1998), we have examined the capability of the target audience to deduce the correct scientific knowledge from the narrative, despite the fact that narratives are open to various interpretations. We found that the science was not well integrated in the narrative, and that this caused the target audience to judge the narrative to be educational and boring as opposed to a good story. The disease context caused the target audience to view the narrative as part of a scare campaign. We also found that the target audience was not able to interpret the narrative on the level we had expected. In order to examine this, we decided to look at how they filled in particular gaps in the narrative. We then discovered that the target audience did not have the sufficient background knowledge to do this correctly. The use of everyday language and similes in the narrative combined with a high academic level may have impeded the interpretation further. Finally, the respondents’ insufficient interpretation may be attributed to the lack of integration of science in the narrative. Based on the above conclusions, we have suggested a number of changes to improve the integration of science into the narrative and to communicate the science in a more easily understandable way to the target audience. Whether these changes have the desired effect will be up to future investigations to answer.

UddannelserKommunikation, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato21 dec. 2007
VejledereSanne Knudsen

Emneord

  • narrativer, fortælling, naturvidenskabsundervisning, biologiformidling, folkeskolebørn, produktafprøvning, receptionsanalyse