Major African cities are faced with massive challenges in regard to infrastructure and mobility caused by intense urbanization. The ever growing population needs to move around in the city space, which is often characterized by poor and badly maintained infrastructure, chaotic traffic and inadequate public transport. This situation results in high insecurity, low accessibility, pollution and not least social exclusion of the poor majority of citizens living in unplanned areas without equal access to mode of transport. Cycling as a mode of urban transport could contribute to a solution for the modern African city. Cycling enables people to travel over long distances more quickly and at relatively low cost, thus increasing individual mobility and access to urban facilities. Furthermore cycling could reduce traffic jams and pollution. The aim of this thesis is to look at the culture of cycling, in the particular case of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, in order to analyse barriers and resistance to cycling as an urban mode of transport. Based on a social constructional framework the thesis analyses the narratives of cyclists and potential cyclists primarily through the method of photovoice in order to give voice to the locals and open the research to their perspectives and experiences. The analysis gives an insight into problems concerning transport in general and cycling in particular due to a sustainable development of the city. The narratives show that the choice of transport is strongly linked to the concept of development as a way to manifest wealth and prosperity, and in this regard the bicycle is still the transportation means of the poor. The low prestige associated with the bicycle renders the cyclists a marginalized group in the community and makes it difficult for them to raise their voices and claim their rights. Even if safety appeared a main concern for cyclists, the analysis shows that the cultural aspect must be taken into account to increase cycling in Dar es Salaam. The intention is not to give final answers or solutions, but rather to offer qualified reflections for future work with cycling in Dar es Salaam. That is why the analysis is concluded with a series of questions to enable and initiate a dialogue between involved participants.
|Uddannelser||Internationale Udviklingsstudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||13 sep. 2012|
|Vejledere||Lisa Ann Richey|
- social ekslusion
- Dar es Salaam