NAFTA's rolle i produktionen af den mexicanske migrant: En undersøgelse af relationen mellem stat og kapital i en globaliseret verden

Isabel Holm Torp, Anna Uldall Christensen, Thor Kjer-Kristiansen & Martin Peter Berger

Studenteropgave: Kandidatprojekt

Abstrakt

This study investigates the flows of capital, commodities and migration across the American-Mexican
border in relation to how the mechanisms of NAFTA contributes to the production of the illegal
Mexican migrant. Through theoretical perspectives from diverse migration and state theory, as well
as the concept of double exposure, which entails an analysis of Mexico as winner or loser of globalization,
we want to examine these flows across the border thoroughly from a critical realistic perspective.
Through secondary qualitative and quantitative empirical data, we examine the push/pull-factors,
in which economic turns out to be a primary one in the attraction of Mexicans to American
territory. Through Ethical Borders: NAFTA, Globalization and Mexican Migration by Bill Ong Hing
we analyze and discuss different perspectives on how migration attach to the agreements of NAFTA
as well as the historical economic condition in both countries.
We find this worth of investigation due to the way NAFTA through global processes freely allows
the flows of capital and goods as well as constructing the grounds for (illegal) Mexican migrants in
the U.S. Thus, it seems that there is a contradiction between the American billion-dollar efforts at the
border, while at the same time enforcing NAFTA, which construct the very same flow of illegal
immigrants, which it attempts to control.
Furthermore, the analysis of Mexico through the lens of double exposure illustrate how Mexico is a
double loser due to the fact that the state is both challenged by economic globalization and climate
change. Based on this, we argue on behalf of both American and Mexican interest that NAFTA should
be modified and include an economic investment in Mexico, as well as work-visas for the illegal
immigrants, to create greater economic equality across the North American region and this way control
the migration.
However, as it turns out in the analysis of the dialectic relation and constant negotiation between the
state and the capitalist system, a modification of NAFTA is not in the interest of the capital, due to
the demand of cheap labor provided by the illegal Mexican migration. Because of the global extent
of the capitalist system and its influence on every scale, this study conclude that capitalism has obtained
hegemony.

UddannelserGeografi, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato21 dec. 2017
Antal sider70
VejledereKeld Buciek

Emneord

  • migration
  • NAFTA
  • mexico
  • globalisering
  • kapital
  • stat
  • hegemoni
  • double exposure
  • USA
  • grænseland
  • territorium
  • magt