Nødvendighedens politik - en kritisk diskursanalyse: Political Necessity – A Critical Discourse Analysis

Thomas Refskov, Morten Thornelius, Jonas Vestrup, Jeppe Underbjerg, Miki Otkjær & Kasper Mikkelsen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


This bachelorproject has examined whether or not a political necessity discourse exists in the current Danish governments reform proposals. The focus throughout the project has been on the Danish citizens on public benefits and how the government with the help of a range of incentitives and reforms, tries to get people back- or into employment. The scientific standpoint used in this project, was that of a critical realist, with the primary emphasis on Faircloughs critical discourse analysis techniques. The empirical data examined in this project covers several of the government’s reform proposals: The disability pension and flex job reform proposal from 2012, the taxation proposal from 2012, the economic growth plan from 2013, the public money assistances from 2013 and the “Fair Løsning 2020” reform proposal from 2011. All of these reform proposals were theoretically analyzed through Ove Kaj Pedersen’s theory on “Konkurrencestaten” and Peter Nielsen’s “Velstandssamfundet”. Furthermore elements of Faircloughs critical discourse methods were used as theoretical framework for this project, which allowed generalization, to a certain extent, of his techniques upon the projects empirical data. The analyses of the empirical data resulted in the understanding that there in fact does exist a necessity discourse in the government's reform proposals and that the “Fair Løsning 2020” reform proposal, didn't represent an alternative necessity discourse. The Danish left wing government are in fact beginning to emphasis more on Danish companies’ global competitive capabilities and expanding the national workforce despite the fact, that there isn’t enough jobs for the expanded workforce, through the use of more liberal incentives toward the individual.

UddannelserPolitik og Administration, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
Udgivelsesdato23 jun. 2015
VejledereAllan Dreyer Hansen


  • Konkurrencestaten
  • Kritisk diskursanalyse
  • Velstandssamfundet
  • Diskurs
  • Nødvendighed
  • Fairclough