Når Verden Giver Livet Mening

Anders Rosendahl

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

Asking the question “is there an objective meaning to life?” understood locally as a meaning to specific lives (not the meaning of life in a global sense), this master’s thesis argues that the question is a corollary to the classical philosophical psychophysical problem: How does meaning as a mind category connect to objective, physical reality. Reviewing the classical positions of materialism, dualism and idealism, it is suggested that the arguments against each of these positions are so severe that we should consider the position of double aspect theory (the claim that mind and matter are two epistemic aspects of the same ontic unity), since this position does not fall prey to the same objections. This suggestion is corroborated by claiming that each argument against double aspect theory can plausibly be refuted - in so far as a specific implementation could identify both the ontic unity and the epistemic aspects in a way which is both intelligible and not ad hoc. The thesis goes on to consider the specific version of double aspect theory developed in tandem by quantum physicist Wolfgang Pauli and psychologist C. G. Jung, the Pauli-Jung Conjecture. This hypothesis suggests the ontic unity to be the same unity that is already postulated on empirical grounds by quantum physics from the physical aspect and by depth psychology from the mental aspect. Further, both of these disciplines claim that reality is only accessible from specific contexts, or epistemic aspects. From this hypothesis it is tentatively concluded that there is an objective meaning to life, provided its specific understanding of objectivity. Asking the further question “what are the psychological implications of the postulate of an objective meaning to life?”, the thesis places the study within a postmodern psychological context. Firstly, to show that the solution is apprehensible in the terms of contemporary psychological theory and outside the narrow confines of Jungian psychology. Secondly, to show that the solution could enhance a specific postmodern, psychological theory (social constructionism), providing a ‘metaphysical corrective’. Finally, it is exemplified how this corrective could enhance the analysis of constructions of life meaning in the specific lives of people by rendering plausibility and normativity to these constructions.

UddannelserFilosofi og Videnskabsteori, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) KandidatPsykologi, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato4 jan. 2015
VejlederePatrick Rowan Blackburn & Bjarne Jacobsen

Emneord

  • Pauli-Jung conjecture
  • Epistemic dualism
  • Wolfang Pauli
  • Life meaning
  • Philosophy of mind
  • Carl Gustav Jung
  • Postmodern psychology
  • Quantum physics
  • Social constructionism
  • Kenneth Gergen
  • Depth psychology
  • Ontic monism
  • Mind-body problem
  • Double aspect theory
  • Synchronicity