Når mænd er kønnets anden halvdel! - epistemologier om køn, mænd og udvikling

Nanna Kirstine Leets Hansen

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

This thesis is situated within a postcolonial critique and thus, takes up the discussion surrounding power and the production of knowledge – that is, the discussion of who has the power to define knowledge, what knowledge is and whom knowledge is about. I place this discussion within the field of Gender and Development analyzing three different programs that target men in HIV and violence prevention. Theoretically I draw on post-development, decolonialism and feminism from the South. The main question of the thesis is how understandings of men and development practice implicitly express certain gender, race and power relations. In the discussion I include Evelyn Blackwood’s ‘trope of the Patriarchal Man’ and Oyeronke Oyewumi’s criticism of ‘Western’ notions of ‘women’ and ‘gender’, and her ‘body-reasoning’ to discuss how understandings of men and development practice in the three analyzed programs is inflicted by a ‘Western’ binary and hierarchical man/woman gender relation. Based on Chandra Talpade Mohanty’s discussion of how ‘Western feminists’ construct ‘women’ as if they were but one category I also demonstrate how the understandings of men presented in the programs construct ‘men’ as an on beforehand given analytical category. Further I put emphasis on how the three programs reproduce a ‘racist’ and ‘colonial’ rhetoric using Aníbal Quijano’s ‘coloniality of power’ and the ‘intersectionality between heterosexualism, race and gender’ argued by María Lugones. Finally I discuss how the interplay between understandings of men and development practice can be placed within a North/South power relation. Mohanty serves as a point of entry to this discussion with her term ‘Third World’-difference, and I take up Arturo Escobar’s claim that development practice is first and foremost legitimized by the definition of a ‘lack’ in the so called ‘underdeveloped’ ‘Third World’. Also, drawing upon Quijanos ‘coloniality of power’ I underscore that embedded in the understanding of men and development practice in the three programs is a North/South power relation that grant the programs the power to represent themselves as developed and thus, as the ones with the right to define knowledge. I conclude that the way the category ‘men’ – more specifically ‘Third World men’ – is presented in the analyzed programs reproduce a binary hierarchic man/woman gender relation despite the fact that this is the notion the programs wish to challenge. Also, I conclude that the interplay between gender, race and development place the three analyzed programs as ‘Western’ subjects of knowledge with the right to define ‘Third World men’ and the problems of the ‘Third World’ resulting in a, ‘we know, thus we develop you’ logic.

UddannelserKultur- og Sprogmødestudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) KandidatInternationale Udviklingsstudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato8 sep. 2011
VejledereSigne Arnfred & Julia Suárez-Krabbe

Emneord

  • Køn
  • udvikling
  • decolonization
  • Maria Lugones
  • post-development
  • Oyeronke Oyewumi
  • Evelyn Blackwood
  • GAD
  • Chandra Talpade Mohanty
  • Arturo Escobar
  • postkolonialisme
  • Anibal Quijano
  • feministisk teori fra Syd
  • mænd