Når hjem er et land - om sprog- og nationstilegnelse i dansk migrationslitteratur

Gitte Søby Madsen

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

This thesis is an exploration of the migrant character's experience of alienation and belonging in Danish fiction. The methodological starting point of the exploration is Søren Frank's migration- literary analysis model. On the basis of fictional portrayals of migration Frank lists eight categories of analysis which he compares to the themes and stylistics of a text: ”Biography of the author”, ”Biography of the characters”, ”Nation and nationalism”, ”Europe and European literature”, ”Glob- alization”, ”Enunciation”, ”Composition and narrative form” and ”Language”. Focusing on the mi- grant character’s challenges when acquiring the Danish language and national identity, I’ve applied these eight categories to three novels with differing emphasis on the migrant themes as well as varying types of migrant characters: Vinterbørn (1976) by Dea Trier Mørch, Do danska (2014) by Jonas Suchanek and Sønner af mænd (2015) by Johan Forsby and Tarek Omar. In order to explore the question of individual, nation and language I have made use of the thoughts of Homi K. Bhabha and Pia Quist. I have subsequently applied Frank's categories to an older text: En Landsbydegns Dagbog (1824) by Steen St. Blicher to explore whether Frank's analysis model can add new aspects to literary history in relation to home and homeland, alienation and belonging. This analysis has shown that the migrant character is assigned the role of the national Other, which – as Bhabha also points out - leads to a polarization between the characters of Self and Other. This polarization is revealed in the text when the character of Self as well as the narrator objectify the migrant character and both highlight and maintain its foreignness. I have used the concept of “na- tion acquisition” to describe the process by which the migrant character's ”original home” with its history, culture and language, creates a voice merged with the new environment and expresses itself in the language of ”the new homeland”. Using the Blicher text I have demonstrated how Frank's model may contribute to a revitalization of the old literature and at the same time show that both the global view and the experience of aliena- tion and belonging to home and homeland have existed in literature for centuries. I have further- more demonstrated that an experience of alienation and belonging accompanies the themes of mi- gration – an experience which transcends the genre of migration literature and is relevant to other genres such as native literature.

UddannelserDansk, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato3 jan. 2016
VejledereHans Ulrik Rosengaard

Emneord

  • Migrationslitteratur