Når bynaturen sanses - en sansebaseret undersøgelse af bynaturens mulige betydninger for sundhed

Stine Laybourn Mårup & Sine Krogsgaard Ballisager

Studenteropgave: Bachelorprojekt

Abstrakt

The main intention of this bachelor thesis is to investigate how nature, in an urban context, can be experienced by the physiological senses of sight, smell, hearing, touch and taste. This thesis also investigates how these sensory experiences can be understood in a health perspective. We examine the perceptual experiences of urban nature on five residents of Copenhagen and do not take current health status into consideration.
In examining the perceptual and spontaneous experiences of urban nature we developed a novel method ourselves; an examination of the physical abilities of sight, smell, hearing, touch and taste in urban nature. The intention of the method is to gain knowledge about experiences of urban nature, and to gain insight into the effect of directing one’s attention to one's senses in urban nature.
We utilize French philosopher and phenomenologist Maurice Merleau-Ponty as a mean of investigating how urban nature can be experienced. Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenology have been used as our view on human nature and the world, specifically as a justification for our methodology and analysis of the participant's perceptual experiences of urban nature in Copenhagen.
To examine if a connection between the experiences of urban nature and health exists, we will apply Aaron Antonovsky's term, "salutogenesis," to our view of health and utilize his concept Sense of Coherence. His theoretical formulation Sense of Coherence consists of three components; Comprehensibility, Managebility and Meaningsfullnes. These components will be utilized in analyzing our participants’ experiences of urban nature.
Our findings suggest that the urban nature in Copenhagen can provide experiences that contribute to both a stronger and lower Sense of Coherence. The experiences with urban nature are marked with highly contrasting experiences. The participants experienced a stronger sense of self and connection with themselves, when directing their attention to their senses in the urban nature in Copenhagen. Their actions in the urban nature became more bodily and childish. This gave them a stronger connectedness to themselves and the world. Our participants experienced urban nature as intersubjective, when it had the same qualities
4
as nature. When urban nature was experienced as unnatural or too intervened by humans, it disturbed the participants’ relationship to the urban nature and felt limiting for their possibilities of being in their body and self. This had an impact on their Sense of Coherence and therefore their health.

UddannelserBasis - Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Bachelor
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato28 maj 2017
Antal sider653
VejledereTrine Schifter Larsen