Muslingen og Sværdet

Liv Hernø-Toftild

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


Santiago Peregrino and Santiago Matamoros are two distinct manifestations of the Spanish patron saint, Saint James, who both appear in medieval Spain. Whereas Santiago Peregrino is portrayed as a peaceful pilgrim closely connected to the Camino pilgrimage, Santiago Matamoros is depicted as the Reconquista’s sword-wielding knight, which makes the two manifestations seem opposed at first glance. This thesis examines the significance of these manifestations in regards to the Camino and the Reconquista of the 12th and 13th century, and answers the question whether the manifestations are irreconcilable or rather just different aspects of the same endeavour. While Santiago Peregrino and Santiago Matamoros might seem as contradictory manifestations, a further analysis shows a close connection between them, in both iconography and literature. In the contexts of the Crusades Santiago Matamoros is not seen as a brutal figure, but rather a necessity in the fight against evil. Santiago Peregrino and Santiago Matamoros share similar traits as well as corresponding purposes: To protect and help their followers. Likewise, in the project of Christian repopulation and reconquest, the Camino and the Reconquista have a common cause. Overall this thesis shows, that the manifestations of Santiago Peregrino and Santiago Matamoros are not conflicting, but closely connected as parts of the same project.

UddannelserHistorie, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
Udgivelsesdato22 jun. 2016
VejledereKim Esmark


  • 12. århundrede
  • Hagiografi
  • 13. århundrede
  • Pilgrim
  • Camino
  • Spanien
  • Matamoros
  • Maurerdræber
  • Middelalder
  • Peregrino
  • Ikonografi
  • Santiago
  • Reconquista
  • Sankt Jakob
  • Korstog
  • Helgen