Large transnational corporations such as H&M have increasingly created environmental and social guidelines, for maintaining a good and responsible image. The aim of this pro- ject is to determine if the working conditions in the garment factories in Cambodia, re- flect the set of rules in H&M’s Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), and if this has an impact on the workers. In a comparison between collected data concerning the factories in Cambodia and H&M’s CSR, it was established that most factory suppliers do not act in accordance with this CSR, and that H&M do not act on a political level to improve the working conditions in Cambodia. H&M’s value chain makes it easy to shift suppliers without large changes in costs, and each supplier is dependent on H&M. Demands on flexibility however, hinders the improvement of workers’ rights. The CSR has more focus on outcome standards that are easily measured and cheaper to implement, rather than enabling rights that improve the workers influence. Lastly the project discusses the pos- sibilities of bettering the workers conditions, when aspects such as the global market and the Cambodian state and societies influence are taken into consideration. H&M’s place in the global neoliberal economy, where the ability to compete on aspects such as productions-costs are vital, have a large effect on the workers’ rights. Furthermore the Cambodian state wishes to develop the economy, which makes it reliant on transnation- al corporations, and therefore more reluctant to improve working conditions, and up- hold the Cambodian labor law. Problems such as controlling if each supplier acts accord- ing to the CSR, and decisions being made on an international level but having impact on national and local levels, also have an impact on H&M’s possibilities for developing the working conditions in Cambodia.
|Uddannelser||Internationale Udviklingsstudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||31 jan. 2013|
- Workers rights
- Transnational Corporations