Egypt was the first country in the world history having a deliberate policy of attracting foreigners with high skills. Today reform is on top of the Egyptian agenda and the debate on the brain drain from the country is receiving increasing attention. Egypt is witnessing a considerable permanent emigration of university educated people and North America is the largest magnet of Egyptian doctors and engineers. The greying of the EU countries and the change of strategy towards ‘a knowledge based economy’ is likely to propel more highly skilled emigration from Egypt. Through theories relating highly skilled migration and development, field research, and interviews with Egyptian experts and highly skilled migrants, this study argues that rather than a brain drain from Egypt, there is a brain escape. Large mismatches on the Egyptian labor market have resulted in enormous highly skilled unemployment, or brain waste, leaving this group little credited in the economy. Migrating Egyptians minds hold an unused potential for participating in the development process through strong links to the country, transfers of knowledge and temporary returns. This potential is limited by a lack of trust in the Egyptian government, and can not fully accelerate before major reforms and political transparency is initiated.
|Uddannelser||Kultur- og Sprogmødestudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||5 jan. 2006|
|Vejledere||Kirsten Holst Petersen|
- Brain Waste
- Knowledge society
- Brain Drain