Mesterlære - en undersøgelse af begrebet mesterlære i en historisk kontekst

Gry Nielsen-Jexen

Studenteropgave: Kandidatprojekt

Abstrakt

This thesis seeks to investigate in the historical development of the old concept of apprenticeship in connection with the transformation of Danish vocational education. By analysing the cultural history of the concept of apprenticeship, through the publications on Håndværkets kulturhistorie (the cultural history of the craft) (Degn & Dübeck m.fl. 1981-1984) and Dansk vekseluddannelse i støbeskeen (the molding of danish vocational training) (Sigurjonson 2002) it shows that the concept of apprenticeship within the craft sector, was originated as a tradition in the associations of craftsmen from the Middle age. At this time the concept of apprenticeship consisted of oral assignment of craft-related knowledge and techniques from master to apprentice. My conclusion is that, by the establishment of the concept of apprenticeship, it had a two-dimensional shape: 1) the personal dimension of the master’s influence on the apprentice, through his distinctive artistic expression and creative solutions, as well as his fatherly educational role in the household (to become someone) and 2) the handover of knowledge about craft engineering (to master something). School is a counter-concept for apprenticeship, and I find that especially the introduction of schooling in 1814 has had greatly influenced on the development of the concept of apprenticeship. I find that through the legislation and the reforms of Danish vocational education, through time, the concept apprenticeship has gone from its original two-dimensional form to contain only to second dimension to master something. By discussing my recitals with some of Klaus Nielsen and Steinar Kvales' sights in the book Mesterlære – læring som social praksis (The concept of Apprenticeship - learning as social practice) (1999) and the analysis done by Steen Wackerhausen in the article Det skolastiske paradigme og mesterlære (the scholastic paradigm and apprenticeship) (1999) I come to the conclusion that, whilst Nielsen and Kvale calls the concept of apprenticeship “outdated” and Wackerhausen believe that it is in “decline”, I find that by the influence of the concept of school, which has removed the dimension of becoming someone, the concept of apprenticeship contains now only the second dimension to master something. That means that the concept of Apprenticeship is neither outdated or declined, it has simply become something else.

UddannelserPædagogik og Uddannelsesstudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato19 dec. 2018
Antal sider30
VejledereSøs Anne-Lise Bayer

Emneord

  • mesterlære
  • pædagogik
  • begrebshistorie
  • erhvervsuddannelser