Menneskehedens samhørighed: Global Sense of Community

Adam Matias Dong Hoffmeyer, Maria Drengsgaard, Cecilie Meciah Haugen Ngwenya & Mikkel Rønnow Mouritzen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

The project aims at discussing the possible common denominator of the international society’s difficulties in meeting the global challenges presented for mankind by the 21st century. Why is it so difficult for the international society to respond collectively to our global challenges? In the paper, we will discuss whether the answer to this fundamental question could be, that we are lacking global empathy and international solidarity and sense of community. By structuring the paper like this, we are using the retroductive method of the critical realism; searching for a possible explanation for the conclusion. Inspired by the American economist and social theorist Jeremy Rifkin, the potential role of empathy in the handling of common global challenges, will be discussed together with relevant theory from the scientific fields of sociology and politology which deals with cosmopolitanism, globalisation, solidarity, sense of community, empathy and international relations. By involving a case study, we will examine the degree of international sense of community and solidarity expressed in the Malmö-declaration by the United Nations Environment Program and in speeches from four world leaders at the 15th Conference of the Parties in Copenhagen, 2009. To analyse these documents, we use a hypothetical-deductive method by producing three hypotheses with focus on international cooperation, the suppression of national interests, and the differentiated but common responsibility of nations in meeting the challenges imposed on mankind by the common global challenge, global warming. Furthermore, we analyse the speeches through an analytical-inductive approach calculating the temporal percentage spend by the four world leaders on respectively the nation itself and the world as a whole. Conclusively, we find reason to suggest that a lack of global empathy and international solidarity and sense of community is a great barrier for the internationally coordinated resolution of global common challenges. Through the example of the COP15, international cooperation seems hampered by a stronger focus on nation's sovereignty and right to stay out of international agreements instead of a main focus, as presented in the Malmö-declaration, on international solidarity, responsibility, and sense of community. Nonetheless, the hope for a new consciousness rising especially from the younger generations has the potential to create a new foundation in the search for internationally coordinated reactions to global challenges.

UddannelserBasis - Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato29 jan. 2014
VejledereHans Christian Andersen

Emneord

  • international solidarity
  • international samhørighed
  • global empathy
  • UNEP
  • Malmö-declaration
  • global empati
  • solidarity
  • Sense of community