Meningsfuld ontologi og epistemologi

Stine Grønlund Pedersen, Sixten Stemann Jensen & Thomas Rye Olsen

Studenteropgave: Fagmodulprojekt

Abstrakt

Abstract
This project is based on a mutual interest in what a meaningful ontology and epistemology should contain. We have found that traditional metaphysics, as realism and antirealism, is ineffective with regards to understand issues such as climate change, natural disasters, and new technology. Therefore, we have chosen to work with a quite new and modern philosophy: Speculative realism, which arose in 2007. Speculative realism offers a framework, that enable us to understand how reality exists independently of human perception. Speculative realism is a term, which describes a lot different philosophical projects, that all agree to work on an understanding of a reality that exists independently of human perception. In this project we mainly examine what is called Object Oriented Ontology. The project draws usage of the Austrian philosopher Karl Popper (1902-1994), since we see his three-world ontology as an example of an inclusive realism. We show how Popper’s ontology have got flaws and omissions, and hereby we introduce some of the philosophers who founded and work with speculative realism: the French teacher and philosopher Quentin Meillassoux (1967-) and the American philosopher and writer Graham Harman (1968-). The project examines Meillassoux’s criticism of antirealism and correlationism and then moves on to Harman’s Object Oriented Ontology. Furthermore, we draw on the American horror writer Howard Phillips Lovecraft (1890-1937), whose stories the philosophers of speculative realism find interesting and useful, in addition to their philosophies. The study concludes that Object Oriented Ontology is a young and unfinished philosophy, but still offers a new framework on how to research and solve relevant issues. As of that the study concludes that Object Oriented Ontology is a meaningful ontology and epistemology.

UddannelserFilosofi og Videnskabsteori, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato28 maj 2018
Antal sider47
VejledereErik Bendtsen

Emneord

  • Ontologi
  • epistemologi
  • Objekt orienteret ontologi
  • spekulativ reaisme