Markedsgørelsen af universitetet: The marketization of the university

Emil Grarup, Alexander Rastén Rydberg, Jesper Repstorff Holtveg & Stefan Broholt Rasmussen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

Politicians have in recent years had a greater desire to ensure the quality of research and education at universities on the basis of increased globalization .This focus has meant that there has been an implementation of reforms in the universities which previously have been independent and autonomous research - and educational institutions. Universities has been given certain standards for cooperation with companies, standards for increased evaluation, control and a request for research to be relevant to society . The report focuses on how these structural changes have affected academic freedom , and how this further on has been challenged by an increasing marketization . We have included the following reforms Tid til forandring implemented in 2003 , Globaliseringspuljen implemented in 2007 and Den bibliometriske forskningsindikator implemented in 2009. We hold these reforms against the former Humboldt university model and analyze them using the neo-liberal economic theories . We do this in order to create a picture of the economic governance in society and to characterize the universities and the framework in which university operates in. To get a deeper understanding of how researchers see these structural changes, we have involved a quantitative survey about scientists' lives. In order to create an even deeper overview, we have supported this study with a qualitative interview . The respondent is an experienced researcher from Roskilde University. We have chosen to use Jürgen Habermas' theory of system and life world and his colonization thesis. We have done this because we believe that the universities, through the occurring neoliberal structural changes, are undergoing a systemic colonization the everyday communicative process of research. Further on we have chosen to include Pierre Bourdieu and his capital theory because we believe that it can form the basis for understanding how scientists act both before and after the reforms. Finally, to understand and analyze the trends behind the researchers thought, we have included Max Weber and his theory about bureaucracy and the rational iron cage. We also use these sociologists and their theories in the analysis of respectively the interview and research study. Finally, we discuss the humboldtian principles about academic freedom, and further how these principles have been affected by the reforms. In view of this, we have shown that there has been a clear structural change of Roskilde University , through the neo-liberal trends and management tools that the reforms have caused. This can be seen in an increased focus on evaluation, greater focus on productivity, a new top-down management structure and a focus on partnership with the private sector. All this has helped to undermine the Humboldt university model and we therefore concludes that the principles of academic freedom, has been challenged by the structural changes that have been implemented. This is primarily done through an increased focus on applied research rather than basic research. This has burdened many researchers to argue for a profit before they start their projects. There is no room for mistakes or that one can learn from his mistakes and the freedom to start a project without first being able to document a social relevance has disappeared. Further to this, we argue that short-term political goals, with a focus on solutions to societal problems, undermine the researchers' freedom to explore issues that are relevant for a long-term plan. The social relevance that the government requires through the new reforms has resulted in a significant deterioration of academic freedom at a cognitive level. We have further demonstrated that this also leads to stress and disease among researchers and that this inevitably undermines the quality of the research.

UddannelserBasis - Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato2 jun. 2014
VejledereKennet Lynggard

Emneord

  • Bourdieu
  • nyliberalisme
  • Habermas
  • universitet
  • markedsgørelse
  • akademisk frihed