Luther og kirkens fjender

Mikkel Gerhard Jensen, Nicolaj Bjerg Nielsen, Mikkel Malm Myllerup & Tine Andersen

Studenteropgave: Basisprojekt


This paper was written in 2017 by a group of students at Roskilde University. It has been motivated on the occasion of the 500th anniversary of the reformation. Martin Luther was the man behind the refor-mation, which was initiated when he in 1517 published his 95 theses to the world. Luther is by many viewed in a positive way, because he detached the Protestant Church from the Roman Catholic Church and gave freedom to the Christians. The words of Luther have however throughout history been used and misused for various purposes which may have led to confusion of Luther’s influence on the course of history. With a humanistic approach this paper seeks to challenge the general view of the man behind the reformation by investigating the words and thoughts of Luther. The main questions this paper seeks to investigate are as follows; Was Luther truly hostile and spiteful in his opinions of certain groups of people as for example the Jews and why? How have the thoughts behind the refor-mation affected the time after his death?
Through analysis of different works – all of which important for this investigation – such as Om Guds Stad (The City of God) by Augustin, Antikrist: Problemet om det onde. Et essay om fjendebilleder by Aksel Haaning, Kirke og Synagoge by Martin Schwartz Lausten and Luther. Antidemokrat og Statsidol by Jens-André P. Herbener, this paper shows that Luther and the Christian religion had a large influence on the persecution of the Jews during the period before and under World War 2. The Nazis often used the words of Luther in their propaganda against the Jews. The Christian religion has since its establishment in year 395 pointed out Judaism to be the worst kind of heresy. In the Christian way of thinking the Jews were in close relation to the Devil, since they rejected Christianity and crucified Jesus. Over the years, and especially since 1215, the Jews have been persecuted and discriminated. This way of thinking in Christianity has most likely influenced both Luther, the Nazi regime and the German people during the time after the First World War. Some of these thoughts have been suppressed along the way, and so the usage of Luther is quite different in today's society. Luther is today mostly regarded as an important person, when it comes to the current culture and the way we live in the Danish society, considering the fact that he brought us the protestant church. By separating the state and the church Luther started what would later on be the movement towards the secular state and the modern society.
Although other factors were of significance, this paper con-cludes that despite of Luther's current influence on the society today, we cannot ignore the impact Luther made on Hitler’s thoughts and ideas, and neither can we ignore the Christian Church’s role un-der the persecution of the Jews.

UddannelserBasis - Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Bachelor
Udgivelsesdato19 dec. 2017
Antal sider46
VejledereAksel Haaning


  • Luther
  • Kirke
  • Reformationen
  • Aksel Haaning
  • Ondskab
  • Nazisme
  • Kristendommen
  • Hitler
  • Fjendebillede
  • Martin Luther